Hue requires a SQL database to store small amounts of data, including user account information as well as history of queries and sharing permissions.

By default, Hue is configured to use an embedded SQLite database so that it starts but many errors will come up due to the lack of transactions.

This section contains instructions for configuring Hue with another database.

Configuring with another Database

Although SQLite is the default database type, some advanced users may prefer to have Hue access an alternate database type. Note that if you elect to configure Hue to use an external database, upgrades may require more manual steps in the future.

The following instructions are for MySQL, though you can also configure Hue to work with other common databases such as PostgreSQL and Oracle.


To configure Hue to store data in MySQL:

  1. Create a new database in MySQL and grant privileges to a Hue user to manage this database.

    mysql> create database hue; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec) mysql> grant all on hue.* to ‘hue’@‘localhost’ identified by ‘secretpassword’; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

  2. Shut down Hue if it is running.

  3. To migrate your existing data to MySQL, use the following command to dump the existing database data to a text file. Note that using the “.json” extension is required.

    /usr/share/hue/build/env/bin/hue dumpdata > $some-temporary-file.json

  4. Open the hue.ini file in a text editor. Directly below the [[database]] line, add the following options (and modify accordingly for your MySQL setup):

    host=localhost port=3306 engine=mysql user=hue password=secretpassword name=hue

  5. As the Hue user, configure Hue to load the existing data and create the database tables:

    /usr/share/hue/build/env/bin/hue migrate mysql -uhue -psecretpassword -e “DELETE FROM hue.django_content_type;” /usr/share/hue/build/env/bin/hue loaddata $temporary-file-containing-dumped-data.json

Your system is now configured and you can start the Hue server as normal.


Log on to PostgreSQL: psql -h localhost -U hue -d hue

Password for user hue:

Drop the foreign key constraint from auth_permission:

\d auth_permission;
ALTER TABLE auth_permission DROP CONSTRAINT content_type_id_refs_id_<id value>;

Delete the contents of django_content_type:

TRUNCATE django_content_type CASCADE;

Load Database.

Add the foreign key, content_type_id, to auth_permission:
ALTER TABLE auth_permission ADD FOREIGN KEY (content_type_id) REFERENCES django_content_type(id) DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED;


Oracle users should delete all content from the Oracle tables after synchronizing and before loading:

Log on to Oracle:

su - oracle
sqlplus / as sysdba

Grant a quota to the tablespace where tables are created (the default is SYSTEM). For example:

ALTER USER hue quota 100m on system;

Log on as the hue:

sqlplus hue/<hue password>

Create a spool script that creates a delete script to clean the content of all tables.

vi spool_statements.ddl

Save in spool_statements.ddl (which generates delete_from_tables.ddl)

spool delete_from_tables.ddl
set pagesize 100;
SELECT 'DELETE FROM ' || table_name || ';' FROM user_tables;
spool off

Run both scripts:

-- Create delete_from_tables.ddl
sqlplus hue/<your hue password> < spool_statements.ddl

-- Run delete_from_tables.ddl
sqlplus hue/<your hue password> < delete_from_tables.ddl


The current setup of Oracle is this way:

Hostname : ORACLE IP
Database Type: Oracle
Database Name: <Service Name/SID of one of the instance>
Username: <username>
Password: <password>

This would be an alternate way to address the Oracle RAC issue:

  1. Go to Hue > Configuration > Database > Hue Database Name

If the above does not work, then use the below config info hue_safety_valve_server for database:




You can inspect your database via its standard own Shell, Hue SQL Editor itself, or from the command line using the db shell:

/usr/share/hue/build/env/bin/hue dbshell

It is strongly recommended that you avoid making any modifications to the database directly, though this trick can be useful for management or troubleshooting.

Backing up

It is recommended that you back it up on a regular schedule, and also that you back it up before any upgrade to a new version or doing a data change in the database.

Backing up can be done the standard way of the chosen database or via dumping the records similarly to doing a migration.

Clean up

When the database has too many entries in certain tables, it will cause performance issue. Now Hue config check will help superuser to find this issue. Login as superuser and go to “Administration, this sample screenshot will be displayed in the quick start wizard when the tables have too many entries:


Run following clean up command:

cd /opt/cloudera/parcels/CDH/lib/hue  # Hue home directory
./build/env/bin/hue desktop_document_cleanup


Hue Custom Databases includes database-specific pages on how to migrate from an old to a new database (e.g. sqlite to Oracle or MySQL). This page summarizes across supported database types.

When you change Hue databases, you can migrate the existing data to your new database.

Dump Database

Ensure that the Hue service is stopped and dump the database content like explained in the top section and the dumpdata command.

Edit /tmp/hue_database_dump.json by removing all objects with useradmin.userprofile in the model field.

For example:

grep -c useradmin.userprofile /tmp/hue_database_dump.json

vi /tmp/hue_database_dump.json
  "pk": 1,
  "model": "useradmin.userprofile",
  "fields": {
    "last_activity": "2016-10-03T10:06:13",
    "creation_method": "HUE",
    "first_login": false,
    "user": 1,
    "home_directory": "/user/admin"

Connect to the new Database

Set the appropriate database parameters :

Hue Database Type: MySQL or PostgreSQL or Oracle
Hue Database Hostname: <fqdn of host with database server>
Hue Database Port: 3306 or 5432 or 1521
Hue Database Username: <hue database username>
Hue Database Password: <hue database password>
Hue Database Name: <hue database name or SID>

Oracle users only should add support for a multithreaded environment:

Add support for a multithreaded environment by setting in the hue.ini:


In the Hue Web UI, click the home icon Hue Home icon to ensure that all documents were migrated.

MariaDB / MySQL
Synchronize Database in Cloudera Manager.
Log on to MySQL:
mysql -u root -p
Enter password: <root password>

Drop the foreign key constraint from the hue.auth_permission table:

Execute the following statement to find the content_type_id_refs_id_<value> in the CONSTRAINT clause of the CREATE TABLE statement for the hue.auth_permission table:

SHOW CREATE TABLE hue.auth_permission;

This SHOW CREATE TABLE statement produces output similar to the following:

|  auth_permission | CREATE TABLE 'auth_permission' (
  'name' varchar(50) NOT NULL,
  'content_type_id' int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY ('id'),
  UNIQUE KEY 'content_type_id' ('content_type_id', 'codename'),
  KEY 'auth_permission_37ef4eb4' ('content_type_id'),
  CONSTRAINT 'content_type_id_refs_id_d043b34a' FOREIGN KEY ('content_type_id')
REFERENCES 'django_content_type' ('id')

Then execute the following statement to drop the foreign key constraint:

ALTER TABLE hue.auth_permission DROP FOREIGN KEY

For example, if you used the above output from the SHOW CREATE TABLE statement, you would use the following ALTER TABLE statement:

ALTER TABLE hue.auth_permission DROP FOREIGN KEY

Delete the contents of django_content_type:

DELETE FROM hue.django_content_type;

Load Database.

Add the foreign key, content_type_id, to auth_permission:

ALTER TABLE hue.auth_permission ADD FOREIGN KEY (content_type_id) REFERENCES django_content_type (id);